Constitution of Cynosure

This document is a written contract between the founder of Cynosure, Grand Master Wuufu, and its citizens. This document is enacted and consecrated with the aim of creating a peace seeking, safe, friendly, and most importantly, fun community of nations that is welcome to all and bound by the principles of liberty, equality, freedom, and compassion. Cynosure hereby recognises that NationStates is a game and that everything done within the region should enhance the enjoyment and entertainment of its citizens.

I. Cynosure

1. The full name of the region shall be known as Cynosure.

1.1. The prime directive of the region shall be to provide a fun, peaceful and safe environment for its citizens. All governmental institutions shall work to uphold this prime directive above and beyond all other objectives.

1.2. Cynosure shall be recognised to be comprised of four distinct lands; Cyno, Athradu, Maderos and Krath. All nations who reside in the region reside in one of these four lands. Each land shall be granted forum space within the forums.

1.3. Cynosure shall be considered to be a Role Gameplay (RGP) region, where regional roleplay takes a central place in the management of the government, media and cultural affairs. RGP and Non-Roleplay (NRP) areas shall be defined clearly by the Cynosure Order.

1.4. Cynosure shall be prohibited from forming a regional military. This prohibition does not prevent the region from forming relations with other regions, interregional organizations or extraregional organizations that have militaries, and does not prevent citizens of the region partaking in militaries of other regions, interregional organizations or extraregional organizations. This prohibition is voided during any period where the region is founderless, during which any military formed must only be used to defend both Cynosure and regions in need, and shall be lead by the Councillor.

1.5. Cynosure shall be prohibited from joining any interregional or extraregional organization without simple unanimous approval from the Senate.

1.6. Regional citizenship may be granted by the Councillor, or any member of the Council of Brilliance as delegated by the Councillor, subject to security checks by the Masters of Cynosure, in accordance with the process outlined by law. No one on the regional blacklist may be admitted citizenship.

Cynosure
Senate

II. The Senate

2. The legislative powers and duties of Cynosure shall be vested in a unicameral legislature called the Senate of Cynosure.

2.1. Every citizen of Cynosure shall have the right to join the Senate as a Senator following a two week probationary period that shall start after citizenship is granted. The Councillor or Senate Manager shall have the power to bypass this probationary period for any citizen.

Powers and Duties of the Senate

2.2. The Senate shall be entrusted with the following powers and duties.

2.2.1. The Senate shall have the power to appoint someone as Senate Manager, who shall preside over the Senate and execute its procedural rules. Only Senators of the Senate may be appointed as Senate Manager, and once appointed, the Senate Manager shall hold this position for a maximum of three months from the time of their appointment. This role shall not be construed to form any kind of directional oversight on the Senate. The Senate Manager shall be granted moderation rights over the Senate by the Cynosure Order.

2.2.2. The Senate shall have the power to pass legislation, repeal previously passed legislation, make amendments to this Constitution and take any other action deemed necessary and proper to execute the powers and duties vested in the Senate by this Constitution.

2.2.3. The Senate shall have the power to make and revise its own procedural rules within the bounds of process laid out in this Constitution, including defining additional days of recess.

2.2.4. The Senate shall have the power to ratify or reject treaties with other regions, interregional organizations or extraregional organizations.

2.2.5. The Senate shall have the power to establish standards and rules regarding the process for attaining and maintaining citizenship status in Cynosure. These standards and rules must be equally applied to all citizenship applicants.

2.2.6. The Senate shall have the power to draft a code of criminal law, which shall outline in detail all crimes and punishments for conviction of said crimes.

2.2.7. The Senate shall have the power to issue non-binding resolutions expressing the sense of the Senate in relation to all matters.

2.2.8. The Senate shall have the power to issue a vote of no confidence against any member of the Council of Brilliance, including the Councillor, any member of the Cynosure Order, excluding the Grand Master, or any member of the Cynosure Court. If this passes, that member shall immediately be removed from office and, if appointed, cannot be reappointed during the current term of the Councillor.

2.2.9. The Senate shall have the power to issue a vote of no confidence against any senator within their ranks. The senator in question may debate on this proposal but may not register or vote. If this proposal passes, the senator shall be removed from the Senate and may not become a senator again during the current term of the Councillor. This supersedes the right to become a Senator of the Senate.

2.2.10. The Senate shall have the power to issue a censure against the Grand Master. If this passes, the Grand Master shall be censured.

2.2.11. The Senate shall have the power to issue a persona non grata against anyone who is currently not a citizen of Cynosure through a binding resolution, which will place that person on the regional blacklist, and to amend and repeal any persona non grata issuances made by either the Senate or the Councillor.

2.2.12. The Senate shall have the power to create RGP Forum Rules for the officiating and management of the RGP aspects of the region, that solely defines the code of conduct expected by members of the forum during any roleplay activity. These rules shall be enforced in accordance with usual legal practice. Any amendments to these rules must have the approval of the Grand Master in order to pass out of the Debate Hall, unless the founder has ceased to exist.

2.2.13. The Senate shall have the power to pass RGP oriented treaties, repeal previously passed RGP oriented treaties, and make amendments to previously passed RGP oriented treaties. Any RGP oriented treaty must be appended with the tag ‘[RGPT]’. Citizen nations must ratify a RGP oriented treaty in order to be bound by the text of the treaty.

2.2.14. The Senate shall have the power to pass RGP security oriented resolutions and repeal previously passed RGP security oriented resolutions. No amendments may be made to any passed resolution of this kind. Any such resolution may commend or condemn a citizen nation, and must be appended with the tag ‘[COMM]’ or ‘[CNDM’] respectively. Any commended or condemned citizen nation shall have the appropriate badge displayed on their profile in an appropriate location.

2.2.15. The Senate shall have the power to pass resolutions commending or condemning regions, interregional organisations and extraregional organizations.

2.3. Each vote of no confidence passed by the Senate may only refer to one citizen.

Process of the Senate

2.4. Unless otherwise mandated by this Constitution, all legislation, amendments, rules, treaties, resolutions and votes of no confidence that go through the Senate must pass through this process, and shall be referred to as proposals henceforth. Unless otherwise mandated by this Constitution, all action in the Voting Hall of the Senate shall require a two thirds simple supermajority vote for passage.

2.4.1. All proposals must first be proposed in the Proposal Hall of the Senate. The senator who proposes the proposal shall be known as the sponsor. Two other senators must publicly support the proposal for it to pass into the Debate Hall, and shall be known as co-sponsors. As soon as any proposal has two co-sponsors, that proposal shall be moved into the Debate Hall.

2.4.2. All proposals in the Debate Hall may not move to a vote for a minimum of three days. During this time, Senators may register in the proposal thread and debate on the proposal in question. Registered senators for a proposal may indicate their readiness to take the proposal to a vote. Sponsors and co-sponsors shall be considered as registered senators.

2.4.3. Following the minimum time, and once all registered senators have indicated their readiness or after six days without activity in the thread, the proposal shall move to a vote in the Voting Hall. Any proposal may be tabled before being moved to a vote in accordance with Senate procedural rules.

2.4.4. All proposals in the Voting Hall shall remain at vote for three days, or until all registered senators have voted. Only registered senators who have registered during the proposal’s time in the Debate Hall are eligible to vote on that proposal and this number shall be used to calculate the passage of the proposal. The proposal shall pass or fail automatically when the required number of votes have been cast to determine that proposal’s passage.

2.5. All binding legislation passed by the Senate shall automatically become law, and all non-binding proposals passed by the Senate shall automatically come into effect, following a successful vote in the Voting Hall. If the proposal fails, the proposal shall remain in the Debate Hall and restart the process outlined in Section 2.4.2.

2.5.1. Anytime a Senator votes to abstain or fails to vote within the allotted time on a proposal in the Voting Hall, for the purposes of the calculation of passage of the proposal, it shall be considered as if that Senator did not register.

2.6. Anytime the Senate is in recess, proposals are not allowed to move between Senate Halls, and are not allowed to be passed into law or come into effect. Any time given in this Constitution that relates to the passage of proposals shall be extended over the time of the recess.

2.6.1. The Senate shall be in recess during the days of 21st December through to 1st January inclusive.

III. The Councillor

3. The executive powers and duties of Cynosure shall be vested in the Councillor of Cynosure, who shall lead the Council of Brilliance.

3.1. The Councillor shall be elected by plurality vote of all citizens of Cynosure. In the event of a tie between two or more candidates for Councillor, there shall be a run-off vote between the candidates in question. Once elected, the Councillor shall automatically resign as a Sage, if they hold the position, and may not hold this position during the duration of their term.

3.1.1. No one shall stand for election to Councillor if they have been elected as Councillor in the previous three consecutive elections, and no one shall stand for election to Councillor who is not a citizen of Cynosure. The Grand Master and anyone who is supervising the Councillor’s election may not stand for election to Councillor.

3.1.2. The Councillor shall remain in office for a maximum term of 90 days following their election. This term shall be extended over a Senate recess.

3.2. Should the Councillor take a declared leave of absence, the Grand Master shall assume office under the directives established in this Constitution for the duration of the absence. If for any reason a vacancy occurs in the office of the Councillor, the Grand Master shall announce dismissal of the Councillor following the directives established in this Constitution.

Powers and Duties of the Councillor

3.3. The Councillor shall be entrusted with the following powers and duties.

3.3.1. The Councillor shall have the power to delegate executive powers and duties to subordinate executive officials at their discretion. These officials, together with the Councillor, shall be known as the Council of Brilliance.

3.3.2. The Councillor shall have the power to stand for and/or appoint Regional Officers (RO) of Cynosure, including the World Assembly (WA) Delegate. All RO’s shall be given adequate powers by the Grand Master in accordance with their duties unless removed for security purposes. Whomever serves as the WA Delegate shall vote on World Assembly proposals according to the interests of Cynosure.

3.3.3. The Councillor shall have the power to issue legally binding directives in relation to all matters. These directives must be defined within the boundaries of current law. The Senate shall have the power to amend or repeal directives.

3.3.4. The Councillor shall have the power to issue a persona non grata against anyone who is currently not a citizen of Cynosure, which will place that person on the regional blacklist, and to amend and repeal any persona non grata issuances made by the Councillor.

3.3.5. The Councillor may delegate their power to grant citizenship to any member of the Council of Brilliance through a Directive of Citizenship.

Councillor
Grand Master

IV. The Grand Master

4. The administrative powers and duties of Cynosure shall be vested in the Grand Master of Cynosure, who shall lead the Cynosure Order.

4.1. The Grand Master shall hold the Founder and Root Administrator accounts for the region of Cynosure and its offsite website(s) and forum(s). The Grand Master shall hold this position until they resign from it, and shall have the power to appoint their successor in the event of their resignation.

Administrative Powers and Duties of the Grand Master

4.2. The Grand Master shall be entrusted with the following administrative powers and duties.

4.2.1. The Grand Master shall have the power to create a forum Terms of Use that solely defines the code of conduct expected of registered members of the forum, citizens or otherwise, and shall have the power and duty to protect the forum from content that violates this Terms of Use. This power and duty shall supersede the Declaration of Rights.

4.2.2. The Grand Master shall have the power to appoint Masters (administrators), Guardians (global moderators), Knights (forum moderators) and Sentinels (website managers) at their discretion and to give them such administrative and moderation powers as they deem necessary and proper. All members who are appointed as such shall become a member of the Cynosure Order. No appointed member shall have the additional powers granted to the Grand Master in this constitution unless stated. No government official shall be entitled to administrative or moderation power unless stated in this Constitution.

4.2.3. The Grand Master shall have access to all areas of the region and be given standing approval to speak in all such areas. They shall maintain a position as a member of the Council of Brilliance at all times, even if the position is a token one.

4.3. The Grand Master shall have the responsibility of announcing the dismissal of the Councillor following the elapsed time, a successful passage of a vote of no confidence, or a vacancy, within three days of the event taking place. The Grand Master shall begin new elections within three days of dismissal taking place. The Councillor shall remain in office, if present, until the next Councillor is successfully elected.

4.3.1. The Grand Master may declare any citizen of Cynosure as Election Commissioner during a dismissal, who shall in turn be in charge of starting elections in accordance with the guidelines of this Constitution and statutory law in place of the Grand Master.

4.3.2. Should the Grand Master not announce a dismissal for any reason within three days of the event taking place, the Cynosure Order shall assign a capable member to take the role of Election Commissioner instead.

4.4. During any time when the Grand Master assumes the role of the Councillor, they shall be vested with all powers and duties of the Councillor with the sole directive of maintaining stability in the region until they are removed from the role.

V. The Cynosure Court

5. The judicial powers and duties of Cynosure shall be vested in The Cynosure Court.

5.1. The Cynosure Court shall be comprised of three Sages (justices) who shall be appointed, one each, from the Senate and Councillor, and one of whom shall be the Grand Master, unless they choose to appoint someone in their stead. The Senate shall have the power to appoint their Sage through a binding resolution.

5.1.1. No one shall be appointed as Sage who is not a citizen of Cynosure for less than one month since their last citizenship application was approved, and who has less than fifty forum posts. The Grand Master may not be appointed as Sage by the Senate or the Councillor. The Councillor may not be appointed as Sage.

5.1.2. Should any Sage face recusal for a case, or if there is a vacancy in the court for any reason, the Grand Master shall appoint a Limited Sage, who shall take that Sage’s place for the case in question.

5.1.3. If the Grand Master is a Sage, whenever they become Councillor, for the purposes of the Cynosure Court, it shall be considered as if they were not Councillor.

5.2. Sages shall remain in office for a minimum of 90 days, unless they resign, are subject to a vote of no confidence or are elected as Councillor. After this minimum time has passed, Sages shall remain in office until they are replaced by a new Sage as appointed by the branch that appointed them.

5.3. All three Sages shall lead the Cynosure Court, with decisions being made by majority vote where necessary. No Sage shall be considered higher than any other Sage.

Powers and Duties of the Cynosure Court

5.4. Being the highest judicial court in Cynosure, the Cynosure Court shall be entrusted with the following powers and duties.

5.4.1. The Cynosure Court shall have the power to interpret the Constitution of Cynosure, to determine the constitutionality of laws brought before the Court, and to render null and void any such laws brought before the Court which the Court finds in violation of the Constitution of Cynosure.

5.4.2. The Cynosure Court shall have the power to interpret the statutory law of Cynosure, to determine rulings and verdicts in regard to violations of statutory law brought before the Court, and to determine punishments for violations of statutory law brought before the Court within the parameters established by the code of criminal law.

5.4.3. The Cynosure Court shall have the power to issue advisory opinions on matters of constitutionality and legality in relation to all matters.

5.4.4. The Cynosure Court shall have the power to make and revise the rules of its own proceedings within the bounds laid out in this Constitution, including the determination of whom has standing to ask the Court to act within its power. The Grand Master, the Councillor, and appointed Masters and Guardians have automatic standing to ask the Court to act within its power.

5.4.5. The Cynosure Court shall have both a RGP and NRP court room and shall have the power to determine whether to run the court on a RGP or NRP basis as it deems fit in relation to all matters brought before the Court.

5.4.6. Sages of the Cynosure Court shall actively work to provide non-binding legal advice to the Senate during the creation of legislation, including cross referencing new legislation against the Constitution and existing statutory law to determine the legality of the new legislation.

5.4.7. The Cynosure Court shall not have any additional powers over citizens and the Cynosure government above and beyond those provided to the Court by this Constitution and statutory law.

Cynosure Court
Declaration of Rights

VI. Declaration of Rights

6. The following rights shall be granted to citizens of Cynosure. The granting of rights by this Constitution shall not be construed to restrict or prohibit the granting of additional rights by statute. No rights granted to citizens by this Constitution shall be construed to be granted to non-citizen residents of the region.

6.1. Every citizen shall have the right to free speech, to protest, to petition, to free press, and to the free practice of religion. No government institution or official shall establish a regional religion.

6.2. Every citizen shall have the right to manage his or her nation as desired. This provision shall not be construed to prohibit the regional government from establishing a limit on WA endorsements to protect the WA Delegacy.

6.3. No citizen shall be discriminated upon in any way including, but not limited to; the land they reside in within Cynosure, their NS gameplay style, an individual’s race, colour, religion, religious creed, ancestry, national origin, age (except minors), sex, gender identity, sexual orientation, marital status, medical condition and/or disability, and/or any other bases prohibited by law.

6.4. No citizen shall be subject to an ex post facto law or a bill of attainder, or be subject to double jeopardy.

6.5. No citizen shall be deprived of due process of law or equal protection under the law.

6.6. No citizen shall be compelled to be a member of the WA or any other interregional organization.

6.7. No citizen shall be ejected and banned from the region or banned from the forum without a fair, speedy and public trial before the Cynosure Court, excluding ejections and bans of nations in violation of a legal endorsement cap, in violation of the Terms of Service of NationStates, or in violation of the Terms of Use as laid out by the Grand Master. Citizens banned for violating the legal endorsement cap will have the right to appeal any ejection or ban placed on them to the Cynosure Court.

VII. Elections

7.1. Every citizen shall have the right to stand and vote in elections and to vote in referenda, both publicly as indicated in the voting thread, or privately by sending a private message to the person supervising the election, unless otherwise specified in the constitution.

7.2. The Grand Master shall supervise over all elections and referenda provided for under this Constitution, and anywhere in law unless explicitly sanctioned otherwise. The Grand Master may confer their responsibilities to another citizen with their consent. A person may not be a candidate in an election they are supervising. In the case of an absence of the Grand Master, and no other person having been nominated by them to supervise the elections, the Cynosure Order shall assign a capable member to take the role of Election Commissioner instead.

7.3. The Senate shall provide, by law, for the supervision of referenda intiated by it pursuant to this Constitution and any applicable law, and may regulate the conduct of elections and referenda.

7.4. Unless provided for by law, elections shall follow the process of a four day nomination period followed by a four day voting period, and referenda shall follow the process of a six day voting period.

7.5. Unless provided for by law, if there is only one nominee after the four day nomination period of an election, they shall automatically be elected without the voting period. Unless provided for by law, if there are no nominees after the four day nomination period of an election, nominations shall remain open until a nominee is found, at which point the four day nomination period shall restart.

7.6. No elections or referenda shall start during a time of Senate recess. Any election or referenda that runs into a time of Senate recess shall be extended for the length of time of that recess.

Elections
States of the Region

VIII. States of the Region

8.1. The Councillor and Grand Master may issue a joint statement indicating a State of Emergency. Alternatively, if the Founder has ceased to exist for any reason, the Councillor may issue a State of Emergency which shall come into force following a successful vote of the Senate.

8.1.1. A State of Emergency may be declared when there is a direct and imminent threat to Cynosure’s survival. Potential scenarios may include, but are not limited to: an invasion by an aggressor region or regions, NS-moderator actions that threaten Cynosure and her members, and website and forum destruction.

8.1.2. During a State of Emergency, the Grand Master may directly delegate powers to the Councillor that may override any element of this Constitution. If the Founder has ceased to exist for any reason, these powers may be listed by the Councillor and must be approved by the Senate during the issuance of the State of Emergency. Any subsequent adjustments to accepted powers must be further approved by the Senate.

8.1.3. A State of Emergency is ended when either the Grand Master or the Councillor issues a statement indicating its end. If the Founder has ceased to exist for any reason, the State of Emergency can be ended either by the Councillor issuing a statement or through a binding resolution of the Senate indicating its end.

8.2. Should the citizen membership at any moment fall below ten citizens, a State of Lapse shall be declared.

8.2.1. During a State of Lapse, the Grand Master shall assume the role of the Councillor with a mandate of expansion and all elections related to the Councillor shall be suspended.

IX. Amendments

9. The Senate shall have the power to propose amendments to this Constitution. Any Constitutional amendments must have the approval of the Grand Master in order to pass out of the Debate Hall, unless the founder has ceased to exist. The amendment shall then go before the citizens of Cynosure in a referendum instead of passing into the Voting Hall. If approved by a two-thirds supermajority of the citizens of Cynosure the amendment shall be ratified.

Amended by the RGP Constitutional Amendment Act on Jul 13, 2015.

Amended by the Citizenship Delegation Constitutional Amendment Act on Oct 15, 2015.

Amended by the Regional Officer Constitutional Amendment Act on Nov 08, 2015.

Amended by the Election and State of Emergency Constitutional Amendment Act on Feb 04, 2016.

Amended by the RGP Senate Law Constitutional Amendment Act on Feb 08, 2016.

Amended by The Sage Longevity Constitutional Amendment Act on Mar 23, 2016.

Amended by the RGP Areas Constitutional Amendment Act on Oct 05, 2016.

Amendments