Constitution of Cynosure

This document is a written contract between the founder of Cynosure, Grand Master Wuufu, the Roleplay Master, Xah, and Cynosure’s citizens. This document is enacted and consecrated with the aim of creating a peace seeking, safe, friendly, and most importantly, fun community of nations that is welcome to all and bound by the principles of liberty, equality, freedom, and compassion. Cynosure hereby recognises that NationStates is a game and that everything done within the region should enhance the enjoyment and entertainment of its citizens.

I. Cynosure

1. The full name of the region shall be known as Cynosure: The Nexus.

1.1 The prime directive of the region shall be to provide a fun, peaceful and safe environment for its citizens. All governmental institutions shall work to uphold this prime directive above and beyond all other objectives.

1.2. Cynosure shall be prohibited from forming a regional military. This prohibition does not prevent the region from forming relations with other regions, interregional organizations or extraregional organizations that have militaries, and does not prevent citizens of the region partaking in militaries of other regions, interregional organizations or extraregional organizations. This prohibition is voided during any period where the region is founderless, during which any military formed must only be used to defend both Cynosure and regions in need, and shall be lead by the Councillor of Security.

1.3. Cynosure shall be prohibited from joining any interregional or extraregional organization without a simple unanimous approval given in a referendum that shall occur after such a request to join passes the Senate.

1.4. Regional citizenship may be granted by any member of the Council of Brilliance, subject to security checks by the Masters of Cynosure, in accordance with the process outlined by law. No one on the regional blacklist may be admitted citizenship.

1.5. Cynosure shall be considered to be a Regional Roleplay (RRP) region, where regional roleplay as nations takes a central place within cultural affairs.

1.5.1 RRP shall centre around The Nexus, an extra-dimensional region that provides gateways to nations of varying levels of technological development, and provides a central area for negotiations, trade and conflict to take effect.

1.5.2. All lore and roleplay around The Nexus shall be controlled and officiated by the Roleplay Master, Xah, who shall also take on the position of the Councillor of Roleplay.

Cynosure
Senate

II. The Senate

2. The legislative powers and duties of Cynosure shall be vested in a unicameral legislature called the Senate of Cynosure.

2.1. The Senate of Cynosure shall be comprised of at least three senators and at most seven senators elected by the citizens of Cynosure. If during an election there are less than seven senators running, they shall automatically be elected and the Senate shall be considered filled for that term unless there are less than three senators elected.

2.1.1. Senate elections shall begin on the first day of the months of January, March, May, July, September, and November. Senators shall be elected by plurality vote. In the event of a tie between two or more candidates, a run-off vote shall be conducted to resolve the tie vote. If a vacancy occurs in the Senate, or there are less than three senators in the Senate, a special election to fill the vacancy shall be held within seven days of the vacancy being created unless there are fewer than twenty-one days remaining in the Senate’s term.

2.1.2. Only citizens of Cynosure who are not members of the Council of Brilliance can be elected or stay elected as a senator of the Senate.

2.1.3. On conclusion of an election, senators shall appoint someone as Senate Manager, as overseen by the Councillor of the Senate, who shall preside over the Senate and execute its procedural rules for the duration of the term, or until the Senate decides to appoint someone else.

2.1.4. The Senate Manager can appoint a Pro Tempore who will act as Senate Manager during any time the Senate Manager is inactive.

2.1.5. Existing senators of the Senate shall remain as active Senators until the conclusion of an election, at which point they are replaced. Should this occur during the process of a vote, that vote shall be restarted with the new members of the Senate taking up the vote.

Powers and Duties of the Senate

2.2. The Senate shall be entrusted with the following powers and duties.

2.2.1. The Senate shall have the power to pass legislation, repeal previously passed legislation, make amendments to this Constitution and take any other action deemed necessary and proper to execute the powers and duties vested in the Senate by this Constitution.

2.2.2. The Senate shall have the power to make and revise its own procedural rules within the bounds of process laid out in this Constitution, including defining additional days of recess.

2.2.3. The Senate shall have the power to ratify or reject treaties with other regions, interregional organizations or extraregional organizations.

2.2.4. The Senate shall have the power to establish standards and rules regarding the process for attaining and maintaining citizenship status in Cynosure. These standards and rules must be equally applied to all citizenship applicants.

2.2.5. The Senate shall have the power to draft a code of criminal law, which shall outline in detail all crimes and punishments for conviction of said crimes.

2.2.6. The Senate shall have the power to issue non-binding resolutions expressing the sense of the Senate in relation to all matters.

2.2.7. The Senate shall have the power to issue a vote of new management against the Senate Manager. This vote of new management can be executed by any Senator in accordance with the Senate’s procedural rules. If this passes, the Senate Manager shall immediately be removed from the role, but still remain a Senator, and the Senate shall appoint someone else in accordance with the guidelines of this Constitution.

2.2.8. The Senate shall have the power to issue a vote of no confidence against any member of the Council of Brilliance, any minister as appointed by the Council of Brilliance, or any member of the Cynosure Order; excluding the Grand Master. If this passes, that member shall immediately be removed from office and, if appointed, cannot be reappointed during the current or next term of the Senate.

2.2.9. The Senate shall have the power to issue a vote of no confidence against any senator within their ranks. The senator in question may debate on this proposal but may not vote. If this passes, the senator shall be removed from the Senate and may not become a senator again during the current term of the Senate.

2.2.10. The Senate shall have the power to issue a censure against the Grand Master. If this passes, the Grand Master shall be censured.

2.2.11. The Senate shall have the power to issue a persona non grata against anyone who is currently not a citizen of Cynosure through a binding resolution, which will place that person on the regional blacklist, and to amend and repeal any persona non grata issuances made by either the Senate or the Council of Brilliance.

2.2.12. The Senate shall have the power to pass resolutions commending or condemning regions, interregional organisations and extraregional organizations.

2.3. Each vote of no confidence passed by the Senate may only refer to one citizen.

Process of the Senate

2.4. Unless otherwise mandated by this Constitution, all legislation, amendments, rules, treaties, resolutions and votes of no confidence that go through the Senate must pass through this process, and shall be referred to as proposals henceforth. Unless otherwise mandated by this Constitution, all proposals in the Senate shall require a majority vote for passage.

2.4.1. Any senator of the Senate, or the Councillor of the Senate, may introduce and debate upon proposals. Any member of the Council of Brilliance and any member of the Cynosure Court shall have standing to speak within the Senate. Only senators of the Senate may motion on or vote on proposals.

2.4.2. Upon passage of a proposal from the Senate, it shall then proceed to a vote by the Council of Brilliance. The Council can either vote to pass the proposal, or to veto it. Unless otherwise mandated by this Constitution, all proposals at vote in the Council of Brilliance shall require a majority vote for passage.

2.4.3. Should the Council of Brilliance pass a proposal, that proposal shall become law.

2.4.4. Should the Council of Brilliance veto a proposal, that proposal may be reintroduced back into the Senate for the purposes of either revising the proposal or overriding the veto. The Senate may overturn a veto by a two-thirds supermajority vote.

2.5. Anytime the Senate is in recess, proposals are not allowed to be motioned on, and are not allowed to be passed into law or come into effect. Any time given in this Constitution, in relevant procedural rules and in law, that relates to the passage of proposals, shall be extended over the time of the recess.

2.5.1. The Senate shall be in recess during the days of 21st December through to 1st January inclusive. The Senate shall have the power to introduce legislation to add additional days of recess.

III. The Council of Brilliance

3. The executive powers and duties of Cynosure shall be vested in an executive council known as the Council of Brilliance.

3.1. The Council of Brilliance shall be comprised of seven Councillor’s as appointed by existing members of the Council of Brilliance and approved by the Senate. The Council of Brilliance as a whole serves as the collective executive head of government.

3.1.1. When a position in the Council of Brilliance is open, the Council of Brilliance shall choose amongst themselves one Councillor who shall fill this position as an interim Councillor.

3.1.2. When the Council of Brilliance unanimously agree on a replacement for an interim position, and the citizen in question has agreed to taking upon the position, the Council of Brilliance shall announce their decision to the Senate, who shall approve or deny the appointment.

3.1.3. During a State of Lapse, or during anytime where the Senate is not in session, excluding a Senate recess, Councillor’s that are appointed must be approved by a referendum instead.

3.1.4. Only citizens of Cynosure can be appointed as a Councillor of the Council of Brilliance. Any citizen appointed in this way who is also a senator of the Senate automatically resigns as a senator.

3.2. The Council of Brilliance is comprised of seven Councillor’s who each fulfil a certain role. Each Councillor shall have the power and responsibility to fulfil the role they are appointed to fulfil, and shall have the power and responsibility to oversee the other Councillor’s roles and the conduct of government as a whole.

3.2.1. The Councillor of Security shall be in charge of the security and safety of the region and the citizens within, including but not limited to; acting as the link between the Cynosure Order and the Council, overseeing the Cynosure Court if it forms, and being in charge of any military should one be permitted. The Grand Master shall fulfill this role at all times without appointment. Alternatively, if the Founder has ceased to exist for any reason, this role shall be appointed in accordance with the guidelines of this Constitution.

3.2.2. The Councillor of Internal Affairs shall be in charge of the introduction and management of new citizens into the region, including but not limited to; acting to help integrate new citizens into the region, participating on the regional message board, and recruiting new citizens to join.

3.2.3. The Councillor of Foreign Affairs shall be in charge of ensuring good relations between Cynosure and other regions, including but not limited to; the management of ambassadors, the posting of foreign dispatches, the acceptance of ambassadors from other regions, and the creation of treaties.

3.2.4. The Councillor of Roleplay shall be in charge of managing, officiating and helping to encourage roleplay within Cynosure, including but not limited to; ensuring a healthy and stable roleplay environment, introducing rules overseeing the structure of roleplay, and encouraging roleplay activity. The Roleplay Master shall fulfill this role at all times without appointment. Alternatively, if the Roleplay Master has ceased to exist for any reason, this role shall be appointed in accordance with the guidelines of this Constitution.

3.2.5. The Councillor of Culture shall be in charge of overseeing the non-roleplay aspects of culture in the region, including but not limited to; setting up forum games, gaming outside of the forum on other platforms, and inter- and intra-regional festivals.

3.2.6. The Councillor of World Assembly Affairs shall provide the link between NationStates World Assembly and the region as a whole, including but not limited to; advising the Council of Brilliance and the Senate on World Assembly Affairs, voting on World Assembly proposals in accordance with the wishes of Cynosure, and participating on the regional message board. The Councillor of World Assembly Affairs shall stand as the World Assembly (WA) Delegate in order to fulfill their duties.

3.2.7. The Councillor of the Senate shall provide the link between the Senate and the Council of Brilliance, including but not limited to; introducing legislation as desired by the Council of Brilliance, representing the Council of Brilliance on the Senate, and ensuring the Council of Brilliance is kept updated on Senate activity. The Councillor of the Senate shall also actively work to encourage citizens to engage with and participate in the Senate.

3.3. The Council of Brilliance shall reach its decisions as a collegial body, primarily by consensus. If a decision cannot be reached this way where it needs to, decisions can instead be reached by achieving a two thirds supermajority vote, although this cannot be used to override instances in this Constitution where a unanimous decision is required.

Powers and Duties of the Council of Brilliance

3.4. In addition to the powers and duties provided to each role, each Councillor in the Council of Brilliance shall be entrusted with the following powers and duties.

3.4.1. Each Councillor shall have the power to delegate their executive powers and duties to subordinate executive officials at their discretion. These officials, known as Ministers, can be subdivided further into specific Ministries that make up the department the Councillor runs.

3.4.2. Each Councillor shall have the power to announce a leave of absence. The Council of Brilliance shall then choose amongst themselves one Councillor who shall fill this position as an interim Councillor until such time as the departed Councillor returns, at which point the departed Councillor shall resume their duties; or thirty days have passed without any update from the departed Councillor, at which point the position shall be considered open.

3.4.3. Each Councillor shall have the power to stand as a Regional Officer (RO) of Cynosure. All RO’s shall be given adequate powers by the Grand Master in accordance with their duties unless removed for security purposes.

3.4.4. Each Councillor shall have the power to grant citizenship.

3.5. In addition to the powers and duties provided to each role, the Council of Brilliance as a whole shall be entrusted with the following powers and duties.

3.5.1. The Council of Brilliance shall have the power to issue legally binding directives in relation to all matters. These directives must be defined within the boundaries of current law. The Senate shall have the power to amend or repeal directives.

3.5.2. The Council of Brilliance shall have the power to issue a persona non grata against anyone who is currently not a citizen of Cynosure, which will place that person on the regional blacklist, and to amend and repeal any persona non grata issuances made by the Council of Brilliance.

3.5.3. The Council of Brilliance shall have the power to issue a vote of no confidence against any member of the Council of Brilliance, excluding the Grand Master. Any such vote shall require a unanimous vote from all Councillor’s, excluding the Councillor being voted against, who shall be forbidden from participating in the vote. If this passes, that member shall immediately be removed from office and cannot be reappointed during the current or next term of the Senate.

Councillor
Grand Master

IV. The Grand Master

4. The administrative powers and duties of Cynosure shall be vested in the Grand Master of Cynosure, who shall lead the Cynosure Order.

4.1. The Grand Master shall hold the Founder and Root Administrator accounts for the region of Cynosure and its offsite website(s) and forum(s). The Grand Master shall hold this position until they resign from it, and shall have the power to appoint their successor in the event of their resignation.

Administrative Powers and Duties of the Grand Master

4.2. The Grand Master shall be entrusted with the following administrative powers and duties.

4.2.1. The Grand Master shall have the power to create a forum Terms of Use that solely defines the code of conduct expected of registered members of the forum, citizens or otherwise, and shall have the power and duty to protect the forum from content that violates this Terms of Use. This power and duty shall supersede the Declaration of Rights.

4.2.2. The Grand Master shall have the power to appoint Masters (administrators), Guardians (global moderators), Knights (forum moderators) and Sentinels (website managers) at their discretion and to give them such administrative and moderation powers as they deem necessary and proper. All members who are appointed as such shall become a member of the Cynosure Order. No appointed member shall have the additional powers granted to the Grand Master in this constitution unless stated. No government official shall be entitled to administrative or moderation power unless stated in this Constitution.

4.2.3. The Grand Master shall have access to all areas of the region and be given standing approval to speak in all such areas.

4.2.4. The Grand Master shall have the power to amend the formatting in legislation, such as highlighting and bolding sections, adding titles to sections, and adding appropriate punctuation, providing no words of the legislation are changed, moved or removed, and the intent of the text remains the same.

V. The Cynosure Court

5. The judicial powers and duties of Cynosure shall be vested in The Cynosure Court.

5.1. The Cynosure Court shall be comprised of three Sages (justices) who shall be appointed, one each, from the Senate and Council of Brilliance, and one of whom shall be the Councillor of Security, unless they choose to appoint someone in their stead. The Senate shall have the power to appoint their Sage through a binding resolution.

5.1.1. No one shall be appointed as Sage who is not a citizen of Cynosure for less than one month since their last citizenship application was approved, and who has less than fifty forum posts. The Grand Master may not be appointed as Sage by the Senate or the Council of Brilliance. Any member of the Council of Brilliance may not be appointed as Sage.

5.1.2. Should any Sage face recusal for a case, or if there is a vacancy in the court for any reason, the Councillor of Security shall appoint a Limited Sage, who shall take that Sage’s place for the case in question. If the Councillor of Security is the person being recused, or they are unwilling or unable to appoint a Limited Sage, the Council of Brilliance shall do so in their stead.

5.2. Sages shall remain in office for a minimum of 90 days, unless they resign, are subject to a vote of no confidence or are appointed as a member of the Council of Brilliance. After this minimum time has passed, Sages shall remain in office until they are replaced by a new Sage as appointed by the branch that appointed them.

5.3. All three Sages shall lead the Cynosure Court, with decisions being made by majority vote where necessary. No Sage shall be considered higher than any other Sage.

Powers and Duties of the Cynosure Court

5.4. Being the highest judicial court in Cynosure, the Cynosure Court shall be entrusted with the following powers and duties.

5.4.1. The Cynosure Court shall have the power to interpret the Constitution of Cynosure, to determine the constitutionality of laws and legally bound directives brought before the Court, and to render null and void any such laws or legally bound directives brought before the Court which the Court finds in violation of the Constitution of Cynosure.

5.4.2. The Cynosure Court shall have the power to interpret the statutory law of Cynosure, to determine rulings and verdicts in regard to violations of statutory law brought before the Court, and to determine punishments for violations of statutory law brought before the Court within the parameters established by the code of criminal law.

5.4.3. The Cynosure Court shall have the power to issue advisory opinions on matters of constitutionality and legality in relation to all matters.

5.4.4. The Cynosure Court shall have the power to make and revise the rules of its own proceedings within the bounds laid out in this Constitution, including the determination of whom has standing to ask the Court to act within its power. The Grand Master, any member of the Council of Brilliance, and appointed Masters and Guardians have automatic standing to ask the Court to act within its power.

5.4.5. Sages of the Cynosure Court shall actively work to provide non-binding legal advice to the Senate during the creation of legislation, including cross referencing new legislation against the Constitution and existing statutory law to determine the legality of the new legislation.

5.4.6. The Cynosure Court shall not have any additional powers over citizens and the Cynosure government above and beyond those provided to the Court by this Constitution and statutory law, and shall not interfere in any way in roleplay affairs.

Cynosure Court
Declaration of Rights

VI. Declaration of Rights

6. The following rights shall be granted to citizens of Cynosure. The granting of rights by this Constitution shall not be construed to restrict or prohibit the granting of additional rights by statute. No rights granted to citizens by this Constitution shall be construed to be granted to non-citizen residents of the region.

6.1. Every citizen shall have the right to free speech, to protest, to petition, to free press, and to the free practice of religion. No government institution or official shall establish a regional religion.

6.2. Every citizen shall have the right to manage his or her nation as desired. This provision shall not be construed to prohibit the regional government from establishing a limit on WA endorsements to protect the WA Delegacy.

6.3. No citizen shall be discriminated upon in any way including, but not limited to; the land they reside in within Cynosure, their NS gameplay style, an individual’s race, colour, religion, religious creed, ancestry, national origin, age (except minors), sex, gender identity, sexual orientation, marital status, medical condition and/or disability, and/or any other bases prohibited by law.

6.4. No citizen shall be subject to an ex post facto law or a bill of attainder, or be subject to double jeopardy.

6.5. No citizen shall be deprived of due process of law or equal protection under the law.

6.6. No citizen shall be compelled to be a member of the WA or any other interregional organization.

6.7. No citizen shall be ejected and banned from the region or banned from the forum without a fair, speedy and public trial before the Cynosure Court, excluding ejections and bans of nations in violation of a legal endorsement cap, in violation of the Terms of Service of NationStates, or in violation of the Terms of Use as laid out by the Grand Master. Citizens banned for violating the legal endorsement cap will have the right to appeal any ejection or ban placed on them to the Cynosure Court.

VII. Elections

7.1. Every citizen shall have the right to stand and vote in elections and to vote in referenda, both publicly as indicated in the voting thread, or privately by sending a private message to the person supervising the election, unless otherwise specified in the constitution.

7.2. The Grand Master shall supervise over all elections and referenda provided for under this Constitution, and anywhere in law unless explicitly sanctioned otherwise. The Grand Master may confer their responsibilities to another citizen with their consent. A person may not be a candidate in an election they are supervising. In the case of an absence of the Grand Master, and no other person having been nominated by them to supervise the elections, the Cynosure Order shall assign a capable member to take the role of Election Commissioner instead.

7.3. The Senate shall provide, by law, for the supervision of referenda intiated by it pursuant to this Constitution and any applicable law, and may regulate the conduct of elections and referenda.

7.4. Unless provided for by law, elections shall follow the process of a four day nomination period followed by a four day voting period, and referenda shall follow the process of a six day voting period.

7.5. Unless provided for by law, if there is only one nominee after the four day nomination period of an election, they shall automatically be elected without the voting period. Unless provided for by law, if there are no nominees after the four day nomination period of an election, nominations shall remain open until a nominee is found, at which point the four day nomination period shall restart.

7.6. No elections or referenda shall start during a time of Senate recess. Any election or referenda that runs into a time of Senate recess shall be extended for the length of time of that recess.

Elections
States of the Region

VIII. States of the Region

8.1. The Council of Brilliance and the Grand Master may issue a joint statement indicating a State of Emergency. Alternatively, if the Founder has ceased to exist for any reason, the Council of Brilliance may issue a State of Emergency which shall come into force following a successful vote of the Senate.

8.1.1. A State of Emergency may be declared when there is a direct and imminent threat to Cynosure’s survival. Potential scenarios may include, but are not limited to: an invasion by an aggressor region or regions, NS-moderator actions that threaten Cynosure and her members, and website and forum destruction.

8.1.2. During a State of Emergency, the Grand Master may directly delegate powers to the Council of Brilliance, or any member of the Council of Brilliance, that may override any element of this Constitution. If the Founder has ceased to exist for any reason, these powers may be listed by the Council of Brilliance and must be approved by the Senate during the issuance of the State of Emergency. Any subsequent adjustments to accepted powers must be further approved by the Senate.

8.1.3. A State of Emergency is ended when either the Grand Master or the Councillor issues a statement indicating its end. If the Founder has ceased to exist for any reason, the State of Emergency can be ended either by the Councillor issuing a statement or through a binding resolution of the Senate indicating its end.

8.1.4. At any time when the Senate is required to, but is not able to, vote on the powers given under a State of Emergency, this vote shall instead be taken as a citizen’s referendum.

8.2. Should the citizen membership at any moment fall below ten citizens, a State of Lapse shall be declared. During a State of Lapse, all elections shall be suspended.

IX. Amendments

9. The Senate shall have the power to propose amendments to this Constitution. Any Constitutional amendments must have the approval of the Grand Master in order to succeed in a vote by the Council of Brilliance and cannot be overturned if vetoed, unless the founder has ceased to exist. The amendment shall then go before the citizens of Cynosure in a referendum. If approved by a two-thirds supermajority of the citizens of Cynosure the amendment shall be ratified.

Amendments